Hauskolloquium Hemmenhofen: Environmental Archeology of the Copper and Bronze Ages in Southern Bulgaria and Sozopol's Submerged Settlements, Black Sea Coast

- 19.06.24

10:30-12:00 Uhr

Referentin: Yoanna Katreva, Faculty of History, Sofia University "St. Kliment Ohridski", Sofia, BULGARIA, Division of Palaeobotany and Palynology, Institute of Biodiversity and Ecosystems Research, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia, BULGARIA


This presentation aims to shed new light on the investigation of plant microfossils within well-like features in Southern Bulgaria, specifically focusing on the Chalcolithic tell of Yunatsite and a multiphase flat settlement in Skutare. These features, reaching the groundwater table, provide a unique opportunity to uncover both natural and anthropogenic environmental data. Pollen analysis of sediment samples reveals a landscape characterized by deciduous but also coniferous wood usage, open grasslands dominated by non-arboreal pollen, and cereal cultivation. Additionally, we explore submerged prehistoric settlements along the Black Sea Coast, particularly in Sozopol Harbor, shedding light on the vegetation and human activities during the Chalcolithic and Early Bronze Age periods. Palynological data indicate mixed-oak forests, Mediterranian elements, and long-distance transportation of pollen from adjacent mountainous regions. Marine dinoflagellate cysts and acritarchs imply sea level fluctuations between the 5th and 3rd millenia. This interdisciplinary approach enhances our understanding of the historical landscapes and human-environment interaction along the Black Sea Coast.



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Meeting-ID: 972 9002 9874

Kenncode: 896926


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